Subversion Repositories Kolibri OS


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  1. Minimal system requirements for Kolibri 0.7.x.0:
  2. * CPU: Pentium, AMD 5x86 or Cyrix 5x86 without MMX with frequency 100 MHz
  3. * RAM: 8 Mb
  4. * Videocard: supporting VGA (640*480*16 mode) or Vesa
  5. * Keyboard: AT
  6. * Mouse: COM or PS/2
  8. The system can boot from any of following devices:
  9. - Floppy 3.5
  10. - IDE HDD LBA
  11. - CD/DVD
  12. - USB Flash
  14. I. Install to floppy.
  15.   1) Insert clean floppy without bad sectors to drive.
  16.   2) Write to it kolibri.img image with any available methods:
  17.     a) (if you have already loaded Kolibri by any method) run the program
  18.        rdsave and select the variant corresponding to floppy
  19.     b) (for DOS and Windows) run subjoined install.bat
  20.     c) with program WinImage or its analogue (e.g. DiskExplorer)
  21.     d) (for Linux) set "executable" attribute to subjoined script
  22.        and run it
  23. Now you can boot from floppy (keep it in drive, reboot, set in BIOS option
  24. of floppy booting).
  26. II. Install to hard disk.
  27. There exists several loaders from hard disk. All are oriented on DOS and
  28. Windows users. Also standard Linux-loader GRUB can be used. All methods work
  29. with file kolibri.img. If you already have old version of Kolibri installed,
  30. simply replace kolibri.img to new. If you have booted from LiveCD, which
  31. does not contain the file kolibri.img, Kolibri can create it independently,
  32. to do this, run the program rdsave, enter the file name for saving and select
  33. the corresponding variant. Of course, in this case Kolibri must be able to
  34. write to file system of selected partitions, currently this means that
  35. only FAT volumes are ok.
  36. 1) Most of all features has the loader mtldr (author - Diamond) - works with
  37.    DOS/Win95/98/NT/2k/XP/Vista, supports FAT32 and NTFS, has installator, can
  38.    be installed to any folder on disk.
  39.    To install, simply run file HD_load\mtldr_install.exe and select image file.
  40.    Apropos, by this way you can install several images. There is also
  41.    variant of install by hand - for those who want to know what installator
  42.    does: directions in HD_load\mtldr
  43. 2) There is also the loader MeOSLoad (author - Trans, expanded by Mario79) -
  44.    works with DOS/Win95/98, supports FAT32, it is placed with the instruction
  45.    to the folder HD_load\MeOSLoad.
  46. 3) Moreover, there exist a program which allow load Kolibri directly from
  47.    Windows 95/98/Me (of course, unloading it) - 9x2klbr (author - Diamond),
  48.    supports FAT32 and NTFS.
  49. 4) Usage of the loader GRUB. The way of using file 'memdisk' to load Kolibri
  50.    has been described by derPENGUIN on english forum
  51.    (
  52.    The suggested method (described by Alver) is based on that description
  53.    and was checked on grub-0.97-19mdv2007.0.
  54.    1. Kolibri can write only on FAT filesystem, so if image file is placed not
  55.       to FAT volume, the system can not save settings. Therefore if you have
  56.       FAT32 partition, place 'kolibri.img' there.
  57.    2. This method requires the file 'memdisk' from the package 'syslinux'
  58.       ( You may install the whole package or only
  59.       extract the mentioned file. Only the file 'memdisk' is needed. (After
  60.       package install it will be in '/usr/lib/syslinux').
  61.    3. Place the file 'memdisk' to the folder 'boot' or to the partition used
  62.       for Kolibri.
  63.    4. Add to the configuration file 'menu.lst' ('grub.conf') lines as follow:
  65.       title KolibriOS
  66.       kernel (hd[Hard disk number],[partition number])[path]/memdisk
  67.       initrd (hd[Hard disk number],[partition number])[path]/kolibri.img
  69.       (Remember that numeration of partitions in GRUB starts from 0.)
  70.       Example:
  71.       title KolibriOS
  72.       kernel (hd0,0)/boot/memdisk
  73.       initrd (hd0,3)/kolibri/kolibri.img
  75.       The initial variant was:
  77.       label KolibriOS
  78.       root (hd[Hard disk number],[partition number])
  79.       kernel [path]/memdisk
  80.       initrd [path]/kolibri.img
  82.       Here 'memdisk' and 'kolibri.img' must be placed on the same partition.
  84.       Example:
  85.       label KolibriOS
  86.       root (hd0,0)
  87.       kernel /boot/memdisk
  88.       initrd /boot/kolibri.img
  89.       This example is the variant described on english forum, with install to
  90.       Linux boot partition (of course, without FAT partition).
  92. 5) The previous method could not work as is in GRUB2 (tested by Apocalypse_dn),
  93.    the commands "linux16" and "initrd16" should be used instead of "kernel"
  94.    and "initrd" (suggested by vkos).
  96. III. Install to USB-Flash-drive.
  97. The special loader for FAT32-volumes has been written, it and its installer
  98. to flash drive can be found in the folder HD_load\USB_Boot.
  99. For not-FAT32 drives you may use article placed in the folder
  100. HD_load\USB_Boot_old.
  102. IV. Install to CD and DVD.
  103. There exists special LiveCD-version of Kolibri, which contains
  104. in addition to standard things some "heavy" (in Kolibri standards) programs:
  105. the ported emulator DosBox, games "Fixed Rate Pig" and "sokoban".
  106. You can also create bootable CD or DVD on the base of kolibri.img, adding
  107. anything what you want, in the mode of floppy emulation.
  108. The appropriate actions are determined by used CD/DVD write program
  109. (focus on words such as "boot floppy emulation").